Building a Geodesic Dome

With the lower building mostly complete and the backfilling well underway, we can finally start assembling the the dome structure. While we were confident that we could pull of this build, we were a bit apprehensive going into it considering our first dome failure. We were comforted by the fact that we could make the necessary adjustments with our piped hubs if we ran into a a similar situation this time around.

Getting Started

We started by only connecting the steel base hubs. We were still unsure how we would marry the dome to the lower building and we knew that these base hubs would not be lying flat, but angled inward. Maintaining this angle is going to be important making sure every strut will line up where it’s suppose to.

Attaching the dome

We decided to put a base board under each base hub and use lag bolts to loosely attach the back side of hubs. The base boards are screwed into the bottom floor joists to secure the dome to the base building.

We then put another lag bolt under the inside of each hub that we could use to raise or lower each hub. That way when we reached a point where a strut didn’t fit quite right, we could turn the bolts up or down to realign the structure.

Tying it all together

When we were looking into the different ways to design the hubs, one of the main issues about using pipes and strapping is finding a good way to get the straps tight and prevent any wobbling. General consensus was that you needed some sort of strap pulling tool, but we decided to try a different idea.

If you look closely, you’ll see that the hubs are actually 1″ longer than the face of the struts. This was intentional and creates a point where we can add a final screw close to the hub to cinch the strap down.

Finishing up

It took around a week grabbing a few hours after work to fully assemble the structure. Adam did a great job cutting out all the struts and making sure they were all exactly the same. He’s been really good at setting up the jigs necessary to get these pieces right.

We also remembered an important point for assembling the dome. We only put one screw on the inside of the band and kept each hub loosely attached until we had every strut up. This allowed us to rock and squeeze the dome into the correct shape. We then added the rest of the screws and tightened each strap from the bottom up and the gaps we did have at the top closed by the time we were done.

Other than having to figure out the base attachment, this part of the built went pretty smooth. We’re super happy we went with a piped hub design because it was so simple to cut the struts and assemble. After we tightened everything up, we added two steel U-brackets to each base hub to make sure the dome wasn’t going to go anywhere.

Edit 7/15/2020 – I’ve received a lot of messages regarding a closer look at how the hubs were fabricated and how they work. I made a quick mock up below which provides a bit more detail.


Notes: The steel pipe might not be necessary if you put more thought than I did into how you anchor it to your base/ground.

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